WE love our puppies and dogs & know that you do too. This page is dedicated to information to help you give them the best care possible. As a work in progress - I welcome your contributions. I am striving to provide the most natural, safe, environment and care for our dogs. I have been using essential oils and flower remedies for years, but am by no means an expert on every topic. Much of the information is based on my personal experience or that of other trusted sources. I encourage you to do your own research and come to your own conclusions.
HEALTH AND CARE OF YOUR MASTADOR
PARASITES & DEWORMER
Intestinal parasites are common in puppies and very often appear during a puppies early development. The puppies are dewormed several times (we typically use Strongid & Ivomec) prior to them going to their new homes. We go to every length to treat and prevent intestinal parasites in our puppies. However, the stress of going to a new home and travel can actually result in the appearance of intestinal parasites after the puppy leaves. For prevention and treatment of internal parasites:
Other Dewormers We Use
Spay or Neuter ?
Your agreement with me is that you will not breed your Mastador - not that you have to spay or neuter - (if you do decide to spay or neuter we recommend to wait until they are at least 2 years old) here is why:
FYI: it is not uncommon for the second testicle in large breeds to drop between 1-2 years old
BEHAVIOR & TRAINING
For Your Training Needs - seek out a trainer or behaviorists that uses positive reinforcement methods (although I don't agree with everything in each) we recommend the methods of:
We don't limit our puppies exercise, neither do we force them - we let puppies be puppies which means they are free to play or rest when they want. They play, sleep and eat on and off throughout the day. Our puppies have access to both indoor and outdoor play areas. Outdoors they are mostly on grass with plenty of things to explore. As puppies grow they play for longer and harder periods of time (and rougher with each other) before resting. One of the (many) things that I love about our Mastadors is that they seem to naturally know know when they have had enough and its time to rest.
DIGGING IS GREAT EXERCISE FOR BOTH MIND AND BODY
NIPPING & BITING
Puppies play rough. If you don't have a playmate for your puppy - they will look to you to fulfill that need.
where puppies are people too
Your puppy does not come with vaccinations unless you request them or as noted below. Reactions to vaccines can occur and growing evidence that early vaccination can actually be very harmful to puppies. Puppies are protected by their mother's immunity. Hence repeated or "Booster Shots" are not boosting anything but only trying to vaccinate at a time when the Mother's immunity is no longer blocking the effectiveness of the vaccine. We recommend waiting until the puppy is 12 weeks old (16 weeks is even better but you need to weigh that against other risk factors) but it will be up to you to decide when and what vaccinations to give your puppy. Please read the articles below, do your own research, and discuss your options with a trusted vet.
If your puppy is 12 weeks or older or is being delivered, we will vaccinate unless you ask us not to do so.
OTHER HEALTH INFO
ABOUT ORAL FLEA/TICK PREVENTATIVES
Do Not Feed Oral Flea and Tick Preventatives.
Side Effects are Death, Seizures, Itching, Loose Stools, Tummy Troubles
We do not remove declaws. Not only is it, in my opinion, a cruel practice, but declaws serve a vital purpose.
For those who don't know, the dew claw is the dog's fifth toe that's located on the inside part of their front legs just above the foot. Dogs can have 2 dew claws on each front leg, some have them on their rear legs, but in general, most have just one on each front leg. Some people compare them to a human's thumb, but of course it isn't opposable.
Historically, breeders have removed them because it gives their dog's leg a sleeker look. Some people also remove them because of the potential for injury if snagged on something while the dog is running. In the past 12 years of having active, working Labs and Mastadors, we have never had a problem with dewclaws related injuries..
Dew claws help dogs grip the ground and get better traction while running. Dew claws also help dogs grip bones or toys while chewing. There is also evidence that arthritis can be related to dewclaw removal.
Puppies like new stuff so it is beneficial to put a rotation plan in place for their toys:
Its a Good idea to have a variety of toys on hand for your new pup:
Chew Toys - satisfy the need to chew and gnaw, like hard-rubber toys (Kong or Tuffy), marrow & knuckle bones, wood Gorrilla Chews, Yak Chews, Smart Sticks, Old Baseballs/Softballs/mitts or Coconuts;
Teething Toys - like wet frozen washcloth, carrots, wet frozen rope toys, softer rubber toys
Plush Toys - provide comfort, like stuffed animals. (smaller ones from garage sales or dollar store seem to last longer or super tough from pet stores);
Smart Pet Love Snuggle Puppy (has a heart beat and warmth is recommended for when you first bring your puppy home.)
Fetching Toys - help exercise and develop skills - like balls and flying discs;
Rope and Tug Toys - help floss and clean teeth;
Critical Thinking Toys - help develop thinking and problem solving skills - like treat-dispensing balls or devices that release goodies when your puppy performs a certain task.
Ideas to make your own toys:
Puppies and adult dogs need to chew and keep busy.
For treats, peanut butter, cooked eggs, raw meat, frozen or freeze dried organ meat, cheese, (Yak Chews) butcher, marrow or knuckle bones, deer or elk antlers, roasted turkey, sardines, fish oil (capsules), Eggs (can feed raw yolks - but cook the whites - or if you are concerned about salmonella - cook the whole egg.)
You can skip the store-bought snacks that are high in fat, sugar and preservatives.
Vegetables like carrots, green beans, broccoli, kale, Kelp, cucumbers, squash, pumpkin, sweet potatoes (my dogs personally love tomatoes and will pick them right out of the garden)
Fruits like Bananas, berries, watermelon and apples,
(I tear tiny bits off at a time). Bits of hotdog, beef liver, or other meat work well also.
Offer the treat and praise then mix it up with just praise or treat and praise so gradually you are treating 30% of the time.)
AVOID: rawhides, plastics, grapes, raisins, onions, chocolate and anything with caffeine or Xylitol.
A stick of chewing gum contains enough Xylitol to kill a dog.
Other snacks - popcorn with no salt or butter, and plain rice cakes, raw local honey, quinoi.
Tomato crisps: Slice cherry or small tomatoes in half. Lay sliced side up on cookie sheet. Optional - drizzle with coconut oil, garlic, etc. Bake at 200 to 250 till crisp - approximately 12-14 hours.
Pumpkins: You don't have to cook pumpkin - raw is ok, but cooking may make for more available nutrients. Preheat oven to 350F. Wash/Rinse the pumpkin. You can halve the pumpkin, remove the seeds and guts, then cook the halves. Even easier - To cook the pumpkin whole - use a knife to stab the hard outer shell a few times for ventilation. Put the whole pumpkin on a cookie sheet or shallow baking pan. Bake for 45-120 minutes depending on the size of your pumpkin. Once cooled, its easy to break or cut into manageable size pieces and remove the seeds if you want to bake them - otherwise throw the whole pumpkin in the food processor (yes - guts and all - or remove the guts becasue FYI - the guts make the best pumpkin bread EVER). You can cut into the pumpkin into pup size chunks, or puree and freeze in bags or pour in forms to make bite size treats.
Virgin Coconut Oil for Dogs: Feeding and using Organic Virgin Coconut has many benefits including relief from itchy dry skin (Salmon Oil is also helpful for dy skin and has other benefits):
What to Feed Your Mastador?
Why we feed and recommend L.A.
High quality Premium Ingredients
Has had no recalls
Formulated by a Holistic Veterinarian
Tests every batch of food before it leaves the plant.
Added benefits: Convenient autoship ordering delivered right to your door.
Don't know when to switch to adult food? We recommend at 1 year, but
you can start your puppy on L.A. All-Life Stages at any time.
HOW MUCH TO FEED YOUR PUPPY
-Your puppy should be fed free choice or at least 4 times a day - as much as s/he wants to eat. Offer 6 cups a day during peak growth periods.
-After six months free choice or 3 times a day - as much as s/he wants. Offer at least 6+ cups a day unless overweight because limiting food during growth spurts will limit the growth potential of your puppy.
-After a year (at this point I am still feeding at least half puppy food or All Stages L.A.) 2-3 times a day until done growing (as much as s/he wants unless overweight),
-After 2 years - free choice or 2 times a day.
(Adult Mastadors typically eat a high quality food 2 to 2.5 cups 2x a day (so 4-5 cups a day) - growing puppies will eat more than that.)
-Mastadors can continue to grow for several years. Slow and steady growth is ideal. When to switch from puppy food to adult food? When the growth plates are sealed. For Mastadors usually between 20 months and 2 years. Some signs that it is time is if the puppy no longer seems interested.
- Good Nutrition is essential for good health.
Please continue with that same food. I recommend you keep your puppy on the same food, but if you switch your puppy's food - do so only after they are well settled - do so gradually over the course of several weeks. Start by adding 1/4 of the portion of the new food and gradually increase the ratio.
-Puppy Mash: Your puppy will be also be getting puppy mash 2 to 3x a day (first thing in the morning and last thing at night) . To make puppy mash - put the dry Puppy food in a blender with hot water, powdered all species milk replacer, (or canned evaporated milk or goat's milk) and optional - egg yolks (or whole cooked eggs) (2 parts liquid to 1 part dry food (for one puppy an 8 oz can would last 2-3 days). It is a good idea to continue with puppy mash for a few weeks to help your puppy transition to his/her new home and continue on track with growth. You can blend more than one feeding at a time - be sure to refrigerate unused portion and any opened cans of milk. As it sits it will get firmer - add hot water to thin it and warm it up right before serving. If using cooked eggs - you can crumble the egg on top of the mash.
* Instead You can use milk replacer made for Goats and puppies. You can find powdered Advance, or MannaPro Unimilk at Tractor Supply, Walmart, or MIlls Fleet Farm. Their 3.5 lb bag is around $11 at Walmart.
Make sure that you are not feeding your dog treats or foods containing the sweetener Xylitol which now can be found in some peanutbutters and many chewing gums.
(If you are feeding a grain free diet and your dog has food allergies try switching to a food that has no soy fed chicken or chicken meal. Glycerin can also be a culprit. Another consideration is the amount of carbohydrates or starches/hidden sugars. Even most grain free foods have too much starch. To calculate: 100 - (Protein + Fat + Moisture + Ash (use 7% is not listed) = % of carbohydrate.
High quality organic food free from high content of grains, GMOs, preservatives, etc.
If you are going to feed purchased BARF/SARF or dry or wet kibble, feed a high quality 4.5 to 5 star food that has not had any recalls.
Please note that some Grain Free foods can cause loose stools.
Puppies natuarally avoid messing in their bed. Their Mom does clean-up for the first several weeks. At 3 weeks, puppies start climbing out of bed to potty. This is when we provide potty pads/grass turf and pine shavings and start the potty training process. Their bedding has to be kept very very clean and because accidents happen on a regular basis that means a whole lot of laundry for me. As the puppies get more mobile, the potty pads/turf and shavings are moved closer to the door. Weather permitting, the puppies are allowed to use a doggie door at around 4-5 weeks. By the time you get your puppy at 8 weeks they are well on thier way to being house trained.
Puppies need to potty as soon as they wake up, right after they eat, after heavy playtime, if you see them sniffing around. in general - every few hours. There are different methods of training - crate, tether, clicker. Mostly you just need to pay attention to your puppy.
Its best to work on crating during the day starting with leaving the door open and feeding the puppy in the crate, a place for special toys and naps. Once your puppy is relaxed and happy with the crate, you can start closing the door for short periods of time. Until you get your puppy, that puppy has only known life with its Mother, many litter-mates, and other dogs in my household. Then they get to your new home and feel isolated, alone and vulnerable. Puppies need deep, restful sleep for growing and good health. If you have another dog - your new puppy will sleep best closest to another dog, or If you intend to let your puppy sleep in bed with you once it's potty trained - there is no need to wait. Puppies don't potty in their bed unless an emergency. My experience has been with the puppies that I have potty trained, that they will sleep most of the night, maybe needing to go out once. If they need to go - they pace the edge of the bed and whimper, or will otherwise wake me up. Until puppies get the hang of night-time potty - its best to carry them outside. Have a water bowl outside also so they can get a drink if needed. Once back in bed with lights out, puppy usually will go right back to sleep. I also have a few toys for the puppy in bed so if they wake up before I do and don't have to potty, they will keep themselves entertained. It is also important that they have their own special place to rest and be comfortable for those times when you don't want them on the bed, whether that be a crate or special dog bed.
A dog's coat needs its natural oils to remain soft and silky and to keep from getting brittle or damaged. If you bathe your dog too often (every week, for example), you will strip away those oils.
A good rule of thumb is to only bathe your dog when noticeably dirty or smelly.
It's Imprtant to use organic shampoos with ingredients that are not harmful to your puppy.
PREPARING FOR A NEW PUPPY
PUPPY PROOFING YOUR HOME
I don't typically use crates other than an open door dark space for our dogs to sleep in if they choose. They are more likely found on my bed or couch, stretched out on the floor, or on one of the numerous dog beds scattered throughout the house. That being said - Crate training is a good idea in small doses and as an aid in potty training if needed. If you can be vigilant and take your pup outside before there are any accidents in the house - within a few days to a week your puppy should be house trained to a large extent. (I use the words - "go potty" and then praise when they do). Please keep in mind that your puppy will not have good bladder and bowel control until they are 4 to 5 months old. Please do not limit your puppy's water intake as a method for potty training as is is very imprtant for your puppy to stay hydrated at all times. Limiting water intake can cause severe health problems. Our pups are well on their way to being potty trained by the time they are 8 weeks old so if you are going to be using a crate. You can start with a larger crate that is recommended by most experts for potty training. You can either start with the adult size crate and block part of it off if needed or you can start with a smaller crate and go to a larger one later. There should be enough room for the puppy to lay flat, stand and sit upright or stretch out front to back paws without any part of them touching the sides or top of the crate. Except for at night, your pup should not be left in the crate for more than a couple of hours at a time, with ample play time inbetween. Our puppies generally sleep all night from around 10 pm to 5 am (dusk to dawn) Include some comfortable bedding that is at least somewhat chew resistant, (I love the Puppy Culture Yak beds because they are durable, washable, very thick and soft and have no stuffing to pull out!) (or you can use the fleece kennel beds) a blanket and a few favorite toys. Make sure that the crate is not too hot for your puppy. If you have two puppies, you can crate them together in one crate. Crate training will be much easier and everyone wil be much happier.
XXL crates suit giant breeds that weigh from 90 lbs up to 150 lbs,
from 46 to 68 inches from nose to base of tail and up to 44 inches from floor to top of head when sitting.
XXL crate dimensions include: 46″ L x 30″ W x 33″ H; 54″ L x 37″ W x 45″ H; 72″ L X 45″ W x 48″ H.
Crate SizeApproximate Weight of the Dog 24"x30" or 24"x36"Under 40 lbs Under 40 lbs 30"x24" or 30"x30" or 30"x36"0-40 lbs 40-50 lbs 50-60 lbs 36"x24" or 36"x30" or 36"x36"40-60 lbs 50-60 lbs 60-80 lbs 42"x30" or 42"x36"80-100 lbs 80-100 lbs
A lot of puppies get carsick when they're little and most of them grow out of it but sometimes just the stress of that memory of getting sick (or a stressful or bad experiecne - ie to the vet for shots) will trigger stress which then triggers car sickness or unwillingness to go. Once you get them liking the car - good luck trying to keep them out of it - lol.
Make the car ride the best experience of their life. Use Positive reinforcement. Offer Their favorite food in the world (and praise in an encouraging voice) at any trouble spots. So if the problem is just getting from the house to the car. You would offer it for them to come to the car or if you can only get halfway then at the halfway point gradually working up to getting to the car. Same with getting in the car and relaxing in the car. Just spend some time hanging out in the car without moving with favorite food and toys etc. get them consistent happiness/willingness before you move onto the next step. Might take a few days or a week or more. From there you can go to the end of the driveway or around the block then maybe to Mickey D's for a dollar cheeseburger, Puppicino at Starbucks, PupCone at Dairy Queen, or ... (well you get the idea. The Park, Beach or somewhere else fun. Short distances at first.
The two main principles of a fear- desensitization plan can be used to overcome any fear your dog may have…
1. Present the activity at an intensity that your dog can comfortably tolerate, then
2. Increase the intensity of the activity by baby-steps - as long as your dog continues to remain calm.
If they are acting stressed, unwilling, or scared through their behavior, body language or vocalization - go back to where they can comfortably tolerate the intensity of the stimuli. It may take time to complete these steps depending on your dog’s history and willingness. Have patience and let it take as long as it needs to take, whether that be hours, days, weeks, or more.
Most Dogs feel better riding in the front - here is a good safety harness:
Also Anything by Patricia McConnell